How to Apply Epoxy Paint to a Painted Cement Floor

Applying epoxy paint to a raw, unpainted cement floor can take a lot of work. Since paint doesn’t stick to horizontal cement surface very well, you must use etching acid to create a porous surface more suited for adhesion. Luckily, if you’re garage or basement floor has already been painted, you can bypass this tedious, even dangerous step. However, before you begin slathering your cement floor with paint, you need to familiarize yourself with the proper preparation process or you will likely end up with some chipping and peeling.

Things You Will Need

  • Coarse broom or brush
  • Metal putty knife
  • Chemical degreaser
  • Mop
  • Fan
  • Towels
  • Epoxy kit
  • Roller extension pole
  • Paint roller cover
  • Roller frame
  • Five-gallon bucket
  • Wooden stir stick

Steps

  1. Use the metal putty knife to scrape any dirt or sticky material from the painted cement floor.
  2. Apply a chemical degreaser to any greasy or oily areas of the painted cement floor. Use a broom or a coarse brush to scrub these greasy or oily areas clean.
  3. Use soapy water and a mop to wash the painted concrete floor.
  4. Dry the floor completely using towels or a fan. Do not proceed to step five until the painted cement floor has dried completely.
  5. Attach the paint roller cover to the roller frame. Screw the roller frame onto the roller extension pole.
  6. Use a wooden stir stick to thoroughly mix the catalyst with the epoxy resin in the five-gallon bucket. Add pigment to the mixture if any was included with your kit.
  7. Use the roller to apply the mixture onto the painted cement floor. Begin at one far corner and move left to right.
  8. Continue applying the epoxy mixture to the painted concrete floor until it is completely covered.
  9. Allow the surface to dry for a full 24 hours. Apply another coat if necessary.
  10. Sprinkle the epoxy texture onto the surface before the second coat dries.

Things to Consider

Always read the labels before you begin applying epoxy coatings as some brands contain specific instructions.

Be sure to pay attention to your surroundings as you apply the epoxy paint to the painted cement floor. Otherwise, you may end up literally painting yourself into a corner.

How to Apply Concrete Floor Epoxy

When it comes to remodeling a basement or a garage, many just don’t know how to approach the dank and dreary concrete floor. Luckily, epoxy coatings can provide a relatively inexpensive, attractive, long-lasting solution. However, it’s important to apply the material correctly to avoid a costly and sometimes dangerous situation.

Things You Will Need

  • Course broom or brush
  • Chemical degreaser
  • Muriatic acid kit for etching
  • Epoxy kit
  • How to Apply Concrete Floor Epoxy
  • Roller extension pole
  • Three-quarter-inch nap roller cover
  • Roller frame
  • Five-gallon bucket
  • Stir stick

Steps

  1. Scrape away loose concrete, dirt and other residue with a flat-edged putty knife. Scrub greasy areas with a chemical degreasing agent and a course broom or brush. Wash the entire concrete floor thoroughly with soap and water. Use towels and a fan to dry the floor. Wait about two to four hours for the concrete floor to dry.
  2. Dilute the muriatic acid with water as instructed by the labeling on the product. Apply the solution with the spray nozzle that should have been included with the kit you purchased. Allow the acid to sit for fifteen to twenty minutes. Rinse the solution thoroughly with a water hose. Feel the floor with your fingers. Repeat until the concrete surface feels gritty to the touch. Allow the surface to dry completely.
  3. Mix the epoxy resin with the catalyst in your five-gallon bucket with a stir stick. Add any pigment that may be included with your kit. Dip your roller into the mixture. Roll the mixture onto the concrete surface starting at one corner of the concrete surface and moving left to right. Proceed from left to right being especially careful not to trap yourself in any specific section of the room by literally painting yourself into a corner. Cover the concrete surface completely with the epoxy mixture. Allow the surface to dry and then apply a second coat. Sprinkle the epoxy texture onto the surface before the second coat dries.

Things to Consider

Since certain brands and types of epoxy coatings have special instructions, be sure to read the labels before you begin the application process. Pay special attention the preparation process as this will be the main determining factor in the overall appearance of your epoxy finished concrete floor. Don’t cut corners when preparing your concrete surface or your finished product may not last.

Muriatic acid is a very dangerous form of acid that can severely burn the skin. In addition, the fumes can damage the lungs and cause severe breathing difficulties. Make sure the area you are working in is properly ventilated and always follow the safety instructions that come along with your kit.

How to Clean & Paint the Fireplace Box

When it is first installed, a fireplace box can really become the cornerstone of a room. However, over time, it may become stained from smoke and soot. This can cause it to transform into more of an eyesore than a centerpiece. Fortunately, a fresh coat of paint can help to rejuvenate a dingy, stained or worn-out looking fireplace box. However, before you slap a quick coat of paint on your fireplace box, you need to learn the appropriate preparation steps that are critical to a durable, long-lasting finish.

Things You Will Need

  • Heavy-duty fabric drop clothes
  • 80 to 120 grit sandpaper
  • Coarse brush
  • Rags
  • Mineral spirits
  • Blue painter’s tape
  • 5-gallon bucket
  • Paint roller cover
  • Roller frame
  • Three to four-inch latex paintbrush
  • Latex primer
  • Latex paint

Steps

  1. Make sure the fireplace is cool. Remove all ash from the fireplace before you get started.
  2. Scrub away dust and dirt from the fireplace box using a dry coarse brush.
  3. Apply mineral spirits to soot and smoke stains on the fireplace box using a rag.
  4. Scrub the mineral spirits into the fireplace box using a coarse brush. Allow about ten minutes for the mineral spirits to dry.
  5. Cover areas surrounding the fireplace box with heavy-duty fabric drop clothes.
  6. Apply blue painter’s tape to areas you don’t want painted.
  7. Fill the 5-gallon bucket about half-way with primer. Slip the roller cover onto the roller frame.
  8. Apply primer to the fireplace box using the roller. Continue applying primer moving from left to right until the fireplace box is completely coated.
  9. Apply primer to any areas that proved inaccessible to the roller using the paintbrush. Fill any tiny holes within the mortar with primer by dabbing them vigorously with the paintbrush.
  10. Clean the paintbrush, roller frame, paint roller and paint roller cover using warm water. Remove excess water from the paint roller cover and the paintbrush by shaking them vigorously.
  11. Repeat steps six, seven and eight except use paint instead of primer.

Things to Consider

Do not attempt to paint over a fireplace box unless you have primed it first or you may end up with peeling and chipping.

Mineral spirits, latex primer and latex paint are all flammable. So, never attempt to paint a fireplace box without first ensuring that it is clean and cool.

How to Clean Wood Stain Out of Grout

As it’s name might indicate, wood stain can be difficult to remove from most types of surfaces. When stain finds its way onto carpet and fabrics, most often, there’s not much that can be done to remedy the situation. Likewise, when wood stain is inadvertently spilled on concrete, mortar and grout, the prospect of removing it can be daunting for those who’ve ever attempted such a project in the past. If you need to clean wood stain out of grout, there are a couple of techniques you can employ that will give you the best possible chance at a successful outcome.

Things You Will Need

  • Pressure washer
  • 80 to 120 grit sandpaper

Steps

  1. Spray the grout with the pressure washer. Use focused, concentrated pressure on the wood stain. Begin on a low setting and gradually increase pressure to avoid damaging the grout. Work from left to right in a steady manner being careful not to focus on one area more than a second or two. Move on to step two if any wood stain remains in the grout.
  2. Ensure that the surface is dry before proceeding. Fold a piece of sandpaper in half so the gritty side is exposed.
  3. Sand away the wood stain from the surface of the grout using your index finger to work the 80 to 120 grit sandpaper into smaller, tight areas. Continue sanding until you’ve removed the layer of grout affected by the stain, exposing a fresh, clean layer.

Things to Consider

Pressure washers are very powerful. If used incorrectly, they can disintegrate grout, creating fissures and holes. Always use the lowest setting necessary to clean the stain from the grout. In addition, stand about three feet away from the grout and gradually move closer to prevent any possible damage.

How to Clean & Paint Basement Walls

Most people agree that ordinary, gray basement walls can look dreary and drab. This can make some basements look more like dungeons than an extra room. And, more often than not they end up as nothing more than a place to store things like outdated exercise equipment and boxes. If you’d like to transform your basement into an entertainment room, a game room, or a family room, a fresh coat of paint is the first step. However, before you begin slathering the walls with bright, vivid colors, you need to learn the proper preparation steps or you’re likely to end up with a finish that won’t hold up over time.

Things You Will Need

  • Coarse brush
  • Concrete sealer
  • Spackle paste
  • Blue painter’s tape
  • 80 to 120 grit sandpaper
  • Metal putty knife
  • 5-gallon bucket
  • Two paint roller covers
  • Roller frame
  • Roller extension pole
  • 5-gallon bucket
  • 3 to 4-inch latex paintbrush
  • Latex primer
  • Latex paint

Steps

  1. Scrub away dirt, dust and cobwebs with a dry, coarse brush.
  2. Apply concrete sealer to any foundation cracks that may be leaking moisture. Allow the concrete sealer to dry for one full day.
  3. Cover any areas you do not want painted with blue painter’s tape.
  4. Fill holes in the basement walls with spackle past. Use the metal putty knife to smooth the spackle paste. Allow the spackle paste to dry for two hours.
  5. Smooth the dried spackle paste using 80 to 120 grit sandpaper.
  6. Fill the 5-gallon bucket about half-way with latex primer. Slip the paint roller cover onto the roller frame. Attach the roller frame to the roller extension pole.
  7. Use the roller to apply primer to the basement walls. Begin at one far corner and work left to right. Be especially careful to smooth any drips or runs. Continue applying primer until all of the basement walls are covered.
  8. Use the 3 to 4-inch latex paintbrush to paint any areas that proved inaccessible to the roller. Allow the primer to dry for two hours.
  9. Clean the latex paintbrush, 5-gallon bucket and roller frame using warm water. Massage the water deep within the bristles of the paintbrush using your fingers. Dispose of the used paint roller cover with your usual garbage.
  10. Repeat steps six, seven and eight except use latex paint instead of primer. Use a new, clean paint roller cover to apply the paint.

Things to Consider

Never use ordinary masking tape in in lieu of blue painter’s tape or you may have bleed-through.

Make sure to use concrete sealer on any foundation cracks leaking moisture or you will have problems with paint adhesion in these areas.

Do not attempt to paint over concrete basement walls without priming them first or you will end up with peeling.

Horizontal concrete surfaces like basement floors require an acid etch before they are painted. Never attempt to paint basement floors with primer and paint as this will lead to chipping and peeling.

How to Change Paint Colors

To many, nothing sparks excitement like the prospect of a home remodeling project. Most people consider a new coat of paint to be the quickest path toward provided their home with a fresh look. However, all too often, paint projects end in disappointment because the color scheme doesn’t end up looking as good on the walls as it did on the sample paper. Most people tend to take their paint to a home improvement or paint store when they want the color altered. However, many are surprised to learn that they can do the job themselves.


There are three ways you can change a paint’s color. You can either lighten it, darken it, or change it completely. All three options entail the same process. Basically, you’ll be changing a paint’s color by mixing in paint of a different color. If you’re planning to attempt to change the color of your paint, the first thing you need to do is identify the type and sheen of paint you’re using. Check the label on the side of the can to see if it is latex, oil based, flat, gloss, or semi-gloss. If your paint is latex, you should only add latex paint to it. If it’s oil based, you should only add oil based paint. Likewise, if the paint is flat, you should only add flat paint to it. If it’s gloss, you should only add gloss paint to it, and so on.

Now that you know which type and sheen of paint you should be using, it’s time to pick the color. If you remember the color principles you learned in kindergarten, you know that yellow and blue make green and that red and blue make purple. While this is true with house paint, usually such drastic alterations aren’t necessary. Most of the time, people just want to lighten or darken their paint. To lighten the paint, add a bit of white. To darken it, add more of the paint’s base. For instance, if your paint is light green, you can darken it by adding more green. Don’t know what color you should mix in to get the shade you want? Try experimenting with a dab of each paint on a piece of paper. A few trials and errors will help you come to a decision.


Now, it’s time to do the actual mixing. First, you need to pour out some of the original paint to make room for the new color you will be adding in. Now, you’re ready to pour in a bit of the new color. Start slowly and be sure to stir the paint thoroughly to ensure that the colors mix evenly. Sometimes, it can be difficult for an amateur to get the colors just right. So, make sure to add new paint slowly, stopping to test often. If you’re not quite satisfied with the color, just add a bit more. If you over-darken, you can add a bit of white to lighten things up.

It’s very important that you never mix different types and sheens of paint together. Since latex paints are water-based, adding oil based paints will cause the paint separate, effectively ruining it. Likewise, mixing flat and gloss paints together usually results in paint that produces uneven, streaky results. Also, make sure to alter all of your paint colors at one time. If you do it can-by-can, you’re liable to get subtly different results.

What Is a Low-Calorie Diet to Lose Weight?

Most people understand that if they burn more calories than they consume, they will lose weight. Although the formula for weight loss seems simple, the execution often seems difficult and overwhelming. Many people think they have to starve themselves with unhealthy, nutrient-deficient diets in order to lose weight. However, there are low-calorie diets that can provide sufficient energy and nutrients without adding extra fat to your mid-section.


1400 Calorie Diet A

The following low-calorie diet is meant for people who are looking to lose weight, but lead relatively sedentary lifestyles. If you exercise often, a 1400 calorie diet might not be right for you. Be sure to check with your physician before beginning any low-calorie diet.

  • Breakfast (260 Calories)
  • One serving of sugarless oatmeal
  • One serving of orange juice
  • Lunch (131 Calories)
  • Three ounce serving of salmon (smoked, baked or poached)
  • One serving of boiled or microwaved broccoli
  • Snack (216 Calories)
  • One serving of hard salted pretzels
  • Dinner (551 Calories)
  • One serving of boiled pasta with marinara

1400 Calorie Diet B

The following low-calorie diet is meant for people who are looking to lose weight, but lead relatively sedentary lifestyles. If you exercise often, a 1400 calorie diet might not be right for you. Be sure to check with your physician before beginning any low-calorie diet.

  • Breakfast (211 Calories)
  • One egg (prepared without butter or vegetable oil)
  • One small banana
  • Lunch (398 Calories)
  • Small salad with a light vinaigrette dressing
  • One medium size chicken breast (baked)
  • One serving of spinach (boiled or sauteed)
  • Snack (370 Calories)
  • A serving of mixed nuts (about one handful)
  • Dinner (395 Calories)
  • On serving of cod
  • One serving of rice (brown, long-grain)
  • Two servings of cut green beans

2000 Calorie Diet

The following low-calorie diet is meant for people who are looking to lose weight, but lead relatively active lifestyles. If you do not exercise much, a 2000 calorie diet might not be right for you. Be sure to check with your physician before beginning any low-calorie diet.

  • Breakfast (365 Calories)
  • One serving of sugarless oatmeal
  • One small banana
  • One serving of orange juice
  • Lunch (434 Calories)
  • Small salad with a light vinaigrette dressing
  • Three ounce serving of salmon (smoked, baked or poached)
  • One serving of spinach (boiled or sauteed)
  • One egg (prepared without butter or vegetable oil)
  • Snack (370 Calories)
  • A serving of mixed nuts (about one handful)
  • Dinner (820 Calories)
  • (170 Calories) Lean baked chicken breast
  • (31 Calories) 1 cup broccoli
  • (216 Calories 1 cup Long-grain brown rice
  • (411 Calories) 1 piece of apple pie

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